This Pesto alla Trapanese is a delightfully fresh take on pesto made with fresh tomatoes, almonds, pepperoncini and a handful of other simple ingredients. It’s quickly processed into a refreshing summer sauce and tossed with pasta for an easy meal.

A bowl of trapanese pesto pasta with vegetables and cheese.
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We all think of pesto as a bright green sauce typically made with basil that lusciously coats pasta. Sure, we know that making it with other greens such as arugularamps and even radish greens is possible too, but I don’t think many of us realize the extent to which pesto can be customized.

This Pesto all Trapanese recipe is the perfect example of that.

Pesto comes from the word pestar in Italian which means to crush. Simply put, making pesto just means crushing ingredients using a mortar and pestle. There’s nothing that includes basil, parmesan and pine nuts in that definition. It just so happens that the northern Italian recipe originating from the Genoa region of the country is what we all associate with a traditional pesto recipe.

Trapanese pesto sauce comes from Sicily, geographically almost as far away from Genoa as you can get, and that distance is reflected in the unique ingredients it uses to make the pesto of its region. 

To me, Pesto all Trapanese is a bit reminiscent of penne a la vodka. Except, instead of heavy cream making it the kind of sauce that might give you stomachache if you eat too much, it’s bright and light like a true pesto sauce would be.

With simple ingredients like ripe tomatoes, almonds and pepperoncini for a touch of heat, it shines as a wonderful summer alternative to green pesto.

Trapanese pesto in a glass jar with basil leaves.
Photo credit: CanvaPro.

What is Pesto alla Trapanese (Sicilian Pesto)?

Pesto alla Trapanese, also known as Pesto alla Siciliana, is a traditional Sicilian dish originating from the coastal town of Trapani in Italy. The recipe’s origins are deeply rooted in the maritime history of Sicily, as it is believed that the dish was created by sailors who brought back new flavors from their travels to the ports of Trapani.

The distinct flavor of Pesto alla Trapanese is achieved through the combination of fresh tomatoes, almonds, basil and peperoncino, giving it a unique taste that sets it apart from other pesto variations. The use of almonds in place of pine nuts, which are more commonly found in Genovese pesto, adds a delightful nuttiness to the sauce.

What makes Pesto alla Trapanese truly special is its adaptability, as it can be served in various ways such as tossed with pasta, spread on bruschetta or used as a marinade. Its vibrant flavors make it a must-try for anyone looking to expand their horizons on Italian cuisine.

Why You’ll Love This Pesto alla Trapanese Recipe

  • Vibrant Flavors: Pesto alla Trapanese is bursting with the fresh, vibrant flavors of tomatoes, basil, and almonds, making it a unique variation from traditional pesto recipes.
  • Versatility: This sauce can be used in various ways, whether it’s tossed with pasta, spread on bruschetta, or used as a marinade, making it a versatile addition to your culinary repertoire.
  • Rich history: The recipe’s origins are deeply rooted in the maritime history of Sicily, adding a layer of cultural and historical significance to the dish.
  • Unique ingredients: The use of almonds instead of pine nuts and the addition of peperoncino give Trapanese pesto a unique and delightful nuttiness.
Pesto pasta alla Trapanese in a bowl with crispy prosciutto.

Ingredients to Make Trapanese Pesto

  • Cherry tomatoes: These provide a burst of sweet, juicy flavor to the pesto.
  • Blanched almonds: Lightly toasted for a nutty, crunchy texture in the sauce.
  • Cloves garlic: Adds a pungent, aromatic flavor to the pesto.
  • Fresh basil leaves: Infuse the pesto with a fresh, aromatic herbal note.
  • Pepperoncini: For a hint of heat and tanginess in the pesto.
  • Parmesan or Pecorino Romano cheese: Brings a savory, salty richness to the pesto.
  • Extra-virgin olive oil: Provides a smooth, fruity richness to the pesto.
  • Salt and black pepper: Enhances the overall flavor of the pesto.

Optional Add-ons and Substitutes:

  • Cheeses: Pecorino Romano is a tangy, salty alternative to Parmesan used in many classic Italian recipes like cacio e pepe that can replace the Parmigiano-Reggiano.
  • Mint leaves: Adds a refreshing, cooling note to the pesto.
  • Busiate pasta: A traditional Sicilian pasta that pairs perfectly with Trapanese pesto. Gemelli is a similar shaped pasta and typically easier to source.
  • Pine nuts: Offers a buttery, delicate nuttiness to the sauce.
  • Grape tomatoes: Can be used instead of cherry tomatoes for a slightly different flavor.
  • Kosher salt: A coarser, flakier salt that can be used to season the pesto.
  • Sicilian almonds: Adds an authentic touch to the pesto’s flavor and texture.
  • Pistachios: Provides a unique, slightly sweet flavor and a vibrant green color to the pesto.

How to Make Pesto alla Trapanese?

Combine the tomatoes, almonds, garlic, basil, pepperoncini, crushed red pepper, cheese and a good pinch of salt and pepper in a food processor or blender. Pulse the ingredients a few times until finely chopped. With the motor running, add the oil in a thin stream until the mixture is well combined. Remember to taste the pesto and adjust the seasoning if needed.

Meanwhile, cook the pasta in a large pot of salted water until it reaches an al dente texture. Once cooked, drain the pasta and return it to the pot. Pour the pesto over the pasta and toss to combine. You have the option to use only as much pesto as you prefer. Any remaining pesto can be stored in a sealed container in the fridge for up to a week.

Serve the pasta with an additional sprinkle of cheese and basil as desired.

Rotini pasta with trapanese pesto topped with fresh basil, parmesan and prosciutto.

Recipe Tips

If you prefer a coarser texture to your pesto, a mortar and pestle can be used to blend the ingredients. Simply crush and grind the mixture to achieve the desired consistency before following the remaining instructions.

Additionally, you can add some reserved pasta water to loosen the sauce if needed. 

How to Serve Trapanese Pesto Pasta?

You can enjoy Trapanese pesto pasta hot or cold in pasta salad form. In Sicilian tradition, it’s often topped with toasted breadcrumbs for extra flavor and texture.

What is the difference between pesto alla Genovese and Trapanese?

The main difference lies in the ingredients. Pesto alla Genovese typically contains basil, pine nuts, garlic and Parmigiano-Reggiano. Pesto alla Trapanese, on the other hand, uses tomatoes, almonds, garlic, basil and pecorino cheese. Additionally, Pesto alla Genovese is from the Liguria region, and Pesto alla Trapanese is from the coastal town of Trapani in Sicily.

More pesto recipes to try:

Creamy garlic scape pesto — This seasonal pesto recipe is the perfect answer to the late spring and early summer bounty of garlic scapes. Combined with ricotta, it makes a wonderfully creamy pasta sauce and unique pesto recipe.

Zucchini pesto — Another way to take advantage of summer’s bounty by turning an abundant vegetable into a delicious pasta sauce.

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5 from 46 votes

Pesto Pasta alla Trapanese

Servings: 4 servings
Prep: 10 minutes
Cook: 10 minutes
Total: 20 minutes
Rotini pasta with trapanese pesto topped with fresh basil, parmesan and prosciutto.
A Sicilian take on pesto using tomatoes, almonds and pepperoncini for a unique and flavorful way to enjoy a bowl of pasta in the summer.


  • 2 cups cherry tomatoes
  • 1/3 cup almonds, lightly toasted
  • 2 cloves garlic
  • 1/4 cup packed basil leaves
  • 1 pepperoncini, stem removed
  • 1 pinch crushed red pepper flakes
  • 1/4 cup freshly grated Pecorino Romano cheese
  • 3 tablespoons extra-virgin olive oil
  • 1 pound rotini pasta, or other similar shape
  • coarse salt and freshly ground pepper


  • In a food processor, combine the tomatoes, almonds, garlic, basil, pepper, crushed red pepper, Pecorino Romano cheese and a hearty pinch of salt and pepper. Pulse a few times then scrape down the sides. With the food processor running, slowly add the olive oil. Season to taste with salt and pepper.
  • Meanwhile, cook the pasta in a large pot of salted water until al dente. Drain and return to the pot.
  • Pour the pesto over the pasta and toss to combine until all the pasta is coated. You may not have to use all the pesto.
  • Serve with with more freshly grated parmesan cheese and thinly sliced basil!


Recipe doesn’t include the edamame or crispy prosciutto shown in the pictures although you can certainly add that to yours if desired for extra protein.


Serving: 1SERVINGCalories: 624kcalCarbohydrates: 91gProtein: 20gFat: 20gSaturated Fat: 3gPolyunsaturated Fat: 3gMonounsaturated Fat: 12gTrans Fat: 0.003gCholesterol: 4mgSodium: 116mgPotassium: 525mgFiber: 6gSugar: 6gVitamin A: 501IUVitamin C: 20mgCalcium: 144mgIron: 3mg

Nutrition information is automatically calculated, so should only be used as an approximation.

Additional Info

Course: Main Dishes
Cuisine: Italian
Founder and Writer at Running to the Kitchen | About

Gina Matsoukas is an AP syndicated writer. She is the founder, photographer and recipe developer of Running to the Kitchen — a food website focused on providing healthy, wholesome recipes using fresh and seasonal ingredients. Her work has been featured in numerous media outlets both digital and print, including MSN, Huffington post, Buzzfeed, Women’s Health and Food Network.

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Recipe Rating


  1. 5 stars
    My kids go crazy for the vibrant color and fresh flavors of Trapanese Pesto. I also added some chopped chicken to make it a more complete meal.

  2. 5 stars
    I made this and it tasted fantastic! The combination of flavors is amazing! The tomatoes and basil adds a fresh, herby touch. Delicious!

  3. 5 stars
    Made this Pesto alla Trapanese for dinner last night and it was absolutely delicious. It is sweet with a nutty twist that I enjoyed so much. Definitely a new favorite!

  4. 5 stars
    I really followed this recipe to a T. The pasta was perfectly cooked and the pepperoncini added a spicy kick that I loved. Such a delicious twist on the traditional pesto!

  5. This looks incredible! I love your additions with the the sriracha & crispy prosciutto. Can’t wait to give it a try, looks worth every carb filled bite!